Basic formulas Square area:  length times width (L x W) Cubic area:  length times width times height (L x W x H) Circumference of a circle:  diameter times pi (d*pi), where pi = 3.14 Area of a circle: radius (1/2 the diameter) squared, times pi (3.14) * When calculating for a round structure, remember that your earthbag walls are going to be about a foot in thickness.  Consequently, a structure with a 15 ft outer diameter will have about a 13 ft inner diameter, give or take for the thickness of your plaster both inside & outside. Length of arc of circle:  diameter times pi times angle of sector, divided by 360. Example: Your structure is round & you're trying to figure out your door. If your proposed door is 3 ft wide and your structure is 10 feet in diameter, then 3 * 360 = 1080 /3.14 = 343.9 / 10 = 34 degrees. You can reverse this: if diameter is 10 feet & you know the angle of your sector is 30 degrees, then pi * 10 * 30 = 942. Divide this by 360 and you have 2.6 feet (the length of your arc - or, more practically, the width of your dome's door or window).   To get cubic yards: multiply cubic feet * 0.037037 One cubic yard = 3 ft W x 3 ft L x 3 ft H = 27 cubic feet (or 0.77 cubic meters) One cubic yard of gravel = approx. 1 to 1.6 tons (2000 to 3200 lbs) (Note that rock type/density results in wide variation of weight) One cubic foot of gravel = approx. 45 lbs (a bit over 1/2 a standard sandbag) One cubic yard of dirt = approx. 0.70 to 1.5 tons (1400 to 3000 lbs)  (depending upon moisture, clay content, presence of rocks or gravel in dirt, how loose or packed it is, etc.) One cubic yard of 3/4" scoria = approx. 1/2 ton (1,080 lbs) (a cubic yard of finer scoria - say, 3/8" - will weigh more) A cubic yard of material will (basically) fill the back of a long bed pickup truck. One cubic foot dry = 6.48 dry gallons 5-gallon buckets = approx. 0.668 cubic feet  or 2/3 cubic feet One and a half 5-gallon buckets = approx. 1 cubic foot Three 5-gallon buckets = approx. 2 cubic feet Forty and a half 5-gallon buckets = approx. one cubic yard Wheelbarrow loads (crested, but not spilling over): 2-cubic foot capacity wheelbarrow: 1 cubic yard = about 14 loads 2 cubic yards = about 28 loads 3 cubic yards = about 42 loads 3-cubic foot capacity wheelbarrow: 1 cubic yard = about 9 loads 2 cubic yards = about 18 loads 3 cubic yards = about 27 loads